Opportunistic infections are those that rarely cause illness except in those whose immunological resistance has been lowered by drugs or disease. More than human suffering is involved. Hospital costs have reached more than $64,000 per patient, and Dr. Curran said that if such costs are typical, ”the first 300 cases account for an estimated $18 million in hospital expenses alone.” Experts currently think of GRID as a sort of immunological time bomb.
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The New Mental Health Disorders Manual Is Driving Psychologists Nuts
The main feature of borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a pervasive pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image and emotions. People with borderline personality disorder are also usually very impulsive. This disorder occurs in most by early adulthood. The unstable pattern of interacting with others has persisted for years and is usually closely related to the persons self-image and early social interactions. The pattern is present in a variety of settings (e.g., not just at work or home) and often is accompanied by a similar lability (fluctuating back and forth, sometimes in a quick manner) in a persons emotions and feelings. Relationships and the persons emotion may often be characterized as being shallow. A person with this disorder will also often exhibit impulsive behaviors and have a majority of the following symptoms: Frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment A pattern of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships characterized by alternating between extremes of idealization and devaluation Identity disturbance, such as a significant and persistent unstable self-image or sense of self Impulsivity in at least two areas that are potentially self-damaging (e.g., spending, sex, substance abuse, reckless driving, binge eating ) Recurrent suicidal behavior, gestures, or threats, or self-mutilating behavior Emotional instability due to significant reactivity of mood (e.g., intense episodic dysphoria, irritability, or anxiety usually lasting a few hours and only rarely more than a few days) Chronic feelings of emptiness Inappropriate, intense anger or difficulty controlling anger (e.g., frequent displays of temper, constant anger, recurrent physical fights) Transient, stress-related paranoid thoughts or severe dissociative symptoms As with all personality disorders, the person must be at least 18 years old before they can be diagnosed with it.
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Borderline Personality Disorder
Its unclear whether a diagnosis of, say, Oppositional Defiant Disorder would really help a child or his/her family out in the long run. With all the things kids are diagnosed with and treated for these days, another childhood behavior disorder could potentially bring more harm than good. Likewise, kids and teens may be too often tagged with problems like disruptive mood deregulation disorder which, once upon a time, we might have just called temper tantrums. The Neurobiological Revolution There is also worry that the new DSM is putting too much weight on biological explanations for mental disorders. Many psychological problems have been shown to have neural correlates, but the APA says that the new definition states that all mental disorders represent underlying biological dysfunction.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.forbes.com/sites/alicegwalton/2011/11/10/the-new-mental-disorders-manual-is-crazy-making/